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	author          = {E. Onur and Y. Durmus and M. G. Hawas and S. M. Heemstra De Groot
	and I. Niemegeers},
	title           = {Collaborative and Cognitive Network Platforms: Vision and Research
	journal         = {Wireless Personal Communications},
	year            = {2011},
	month           = {May},
	volume          = {58},
	number          = {1},
	pages           = {71--93},
	issn            = {0929-6212},
	abstract        = {In this paper, we present a visionary concept referred to as Collaborative
	and Cognitive Network Platforms (CCNPs) as a future-proof solution
	for creating a dependable, self-organizing and self-managing communication
	substrate for effective ICT solutions to societal problems. CCNP
	creates a cooperative communication platform to support critical
	services across a range of business sectors. CCNP is based on the
	personal network (PN) technology which is an inherently cooperative
	environment prototyped in the Dutch Freeband PNP2008 and the European
	Union IST MAGNET projects. In CCNP, the cognitive control plane strives
	to exploit the resources to better satisfy the requirements of networked
	applications. CCNP facilitates collaboration inherently. Through
	cognition in the cognitive control plane, CCNP becomes a self-managed
	substrate. The self-managed substrate, in this paper, is defined
	as cognitive and collaborative middleware on which future applications
	run without user intervention. Endemic sensor networks may be incorporated
	into the CCNP concept to feed its cognitive control plane. In this
	paper, we present the CCNP concept and discuss the research challenges
	related to collaboration and cognition.}